Research Resources

What is Earth Day?

Earth Day was first celebrated on April 22, 1970.  It was suggested by Senator Gaylord Nelson as a way to bring awareness to important environmental issues.  The first Earth Day was considered a day of education and that has continued ever since.


Earth Day was meant to bring our attention to the environmental issues our planet faces.  It wants us to be aware of the results of our treatment of the planet.  If we don’t do our part to care for the Earth, we may cause too much damage.  We learn about conserving our natural resources including water, plants, and animals.


One of the main issues that Earth Day teaches about is pollution.  We pollute our environment in many ways.  Factories and vehicles can cause air pollution.  We must try to protect our water sources:  rivers, lakes, and oceans.  Pollution can cause harm to the plants and animals in the environment.  We can help protect our environment by using the 3 Rs – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.


We can reduce our impact by being more aware of our use of natural resources.  We can walk or ride a bike instead of taking the car.  We can take shorter showers and turn off the water while we brush our teeth.  Turning off lights that aren’t in use is another way to reduce our use of natural resources.  


There are many things that we can reuse instead of throwing them in the trash.  Clothes can be donated so someone else can wear them.  Water bottles and other food containers can be washed and used again.  We can make craft projects to brighten up our home from materials that would have been thrown away.  


We can also recycle as much as possible.  Plastic, glass, paper, and metal are all things that can be recycled.  Many communities even offer recycling bins for their citizens.  Recycling cuts down the materials that are sent to landfills and helps us conserve some of the natural resources by making recycled objects into new products.  


Many schools and community groups have special activities on Earth Day.  Some activities may include cleaning up a park, making crafts from reusable objects, or planting trees.  There are many things we can do to help our environment.  

Learn more about Earth Day here.


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